Untitled Document
Untitled Document

Cost of building and operating upstream oil and gas facilities reaches record high

The costs of building and operating upstream oil and gas facilities continued to rise over the last six-month period and have reached record highs, according to two cost indexes developed by IHS [NYSE: IHS]. The IHS Upstream Capital Cost Index (UCCI) rose 1% over the Q1 2012-Q3 2012 period to an index score of 230, matching its Q3 2008 high. Its counterpart, the IHS Upstream Operating Cost Index (UOCI), rose to 0.5% to a new high score of 190 over the same period.

The indexes are proprietary measures of cost changes similar in concept to the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and draw upon proprietary IHS insight and analysis to provide a benchmark for comparing costs around the world. Values are indexed to the year 2000, meaning that capital costs of $1 billion in 2000 would now be $2.3 billion in current dollars. Likewise, the annual operating costs of a field would now be up from $100 million in 2000 to $190 million.

The 1% increase in the UCCI over the six-month period ending Sept. 30 is muted compared to the increase during previous six months, which registered a 2.3% increase. While equipment costs and day rates for drill rigs and vessels have continued to increase, this has been muted due to the fall in steel products prices. Oil prices remained above the threshold price of production for most projects, keeping increasing demand for oilfield goods and services steady.

The small rate of increase for the UCCI can be attributed to increased day rates for deepwater rigs. Despite new entries into the market these rigs are in high demand and with rising fuel and labor costs can command premium rates. High spec rigs continue to increases in day rates in North American driven by tight oil and unconventional activity.

Among the 10 markets that the UCCI tracks, only steel (9% decrease) and engineering and project management (0.1 percent decrease) declined.

Countries that require a high local content continue to experience the largest cost escalations as demand continues to outgrow local supply. Backlogs for equipment and subsea orders continue to grow, with little pass through of falls in raw material costs.

Engineering and project management costs remain static as companies compete for new work. However, construction labor rates continue to rise as new projects are sanctioned.

Recent project sanctions and new contract awards among contractors confirms the rising industry activity and spending levels. According to the IHS Upstream Spending Report, 2012 capital spending (CAPEX) is expected to reach $633 billion, rising from $557 billion in 2011.

Operational spending (OPEX) for 2012 is $493 billion, up from $464 billion in 2011. Rising costs remain a major driver of the rise in industry spending, contributing to just under half of the year-on-year rise in E&P CAPEX seen during 2012.

“As more projects continue to be sanctioned in 2013, we expect further CAPEX escalation,” said Pritesh Patel, senior director of the IHS CERA Upstream Capital Costs Analysis Forum. “In 2012 we have seen more than 4% in cost escalations and we expect this trend to continue in 2013 as demand remains strong.”

The Upstream Operating Costs Index (UOCI) did increase slightly to 190 from 189 over Q1 2012-Q3 2012, despite mixed movements of each component market.

Each of the markets was impacted by similar factors, namely a decrease in oil prices and uncertainty over the economy in many parts of the world. Nevertheless, activity levels are still high; resulting in tightness in supply chains for what can be very highly specialized services and equipment. The lack of availability of skilled labor has been an issue for the past few quarters, and Q3 2012 was no exception.

“Our outlook on overall cost escalations are more muted now than it was at the beginning of 2012. Nevertheless, we see costs for skilled workers and technical personnel continuing to increase,” said David Vaucher, IHS associate director, who leads the OPEX forum.

IHS still expects upstream capital and operating costs to continue to rise by 4% to 5% in 2013.

Related Articles

Report predicts surge in world subsea expenditure

06/05/2014

Global subsea hardware capex could total $117 billion between 2014 and 2018, according to Douglas-Westwood’s latest market forecast.

Baker Hughes and Aker Solutions form subsea production alliance

04/22/2014 Baker Hughes Inc. and Aker Solutions ASA have agreed to form an alliance to develop technology for production solutions that will boost output, increase recovery rates, and reduce costs for subsea ...

Trendsetter promotes Downing to president

04/21/2014

Trendsetter Engineering Inc. has promoted Ron Downing to the position of president.  Downing assumes this responsibility from Mario Lugo who remains chairman and CEO.

FMC Technologies awarded contract for BP's Shah Deniz Stage 2 project

04/15/2014

FMC Technologies Inc. has received an order from BP to supply subsea systems for its Shah Deniz Stage 2 project in the Caspian Sea. The order has an estimated value of $322 million in revenue.

Shell postpones Norwegian subsea gas project

04/14/2014 Shell is postponing a project to provide subsea compression at the North Sea's Ormen Lange, the second-biggest Norwegian gas field, despite objections of a key license partner, according to a Reute...

More Oil & Gas Financial Articles

Report predicts surge in world subsea expenditure

Thu, Jun 5, 2014

Global subsea hardware capex could total $117 billion between 2014 and 2018, according to Douglas-Westwood’s latest market forecast.

Baker Hughes and Aker Solutions form subsea production alliance

Tue, Apr 22, 2014

Baker Hughes Inc. and Aker Solutions ASA have agreed to form an alliance to develop technology for production solutions that will boost output, increase recovery rates, and reduce costs for subsea fields.

Trendsetter promotes Downing to president

Mon, Apr 21, 2014

Trendsetter Engineering Inc. has promoted Ron Downing to the position of president.  Downing assumes this responsibility from Mario Lugo who remains chairman and CEO.

FMC Technologies awarded contract for BP's Shah Deniz Stage 2 project

Tue, Apr 15, 2014

FMC Technologies Inc. has received an order from BP to supply subsea systems for its Shah Deniz Stage 2 project in the Caspian Sea. The order has an estimated value of $322 million in revenue.

Shell postpones Norwegian subsea gas project

Mon, Apr 14, 2014

Shell is postponing a project to provide subsea compression at the North Sea's Ormen Lange, the second-biggest Norwegian gas field, despite objections of a key license partner, according to a Reuters report.

Most Popular

Oil & Gas Jobs

Search More Job Listings >>
Subscribe to OGFJ